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According to the 12th edition of the 21st century Chambers A-Z English dictionary, the word *tradition* is a derivative word from Latin, which means passing from generation to generation tales, beliefs, practices, etc; a collection of these belonging to a specific family, people, country, etc; long established specific belief or custom; anything bound up with, or continuing in the life of a family, community etc.
These include laws, policies, principles, practices, doctrines, etc.
If the above is the ordinary dictionary meaning of a tradition, but has not any other interpretative meaning for specific purposes, the lawyers and supposed lexicographers are hereby challenged to come up with what custom, beliefs, doctrines, laws that either Danquah, Dombo, or Busia introduced for the generations of the United Party followers that are different from what collectively all the UP scholars and elites prepared for use by the Party.
Going further, indeed, Dr. J B Danquah never ruled Ghana. Instead, he was elected to lead the UGCC at a congress.
After Nkrumah threatened to ban any political party that did not have broad base across the country, that was when all other parties of like-minded ideology merged to form the United Party.
At the 1956 congress, Dr. J B Danquah lost his leadership position to Dr. Busia of the Ghana Congress Party, formed by Oheneba Kwaw Richardson. Dr Danquah became an ordinary member of the UP until from 1st July 1960, when Ghana became a Republic, the Queen of England ceased to be the Head of State of Ghana, so Dr Danquah contested for the presidency against Nkrumah and lost out of the intimidating conduct of particularly the then Workers Brigade towards voters, and some of the Ghana security agents. Dr. Danquah lived as a defeated presidential candidate, and subsequently died in 1965 as Nkrumah’s political detainee at the Nsawam prison.
Therefore, he never actually provide any rulership tradition as provided by the dictionary.
Hon Chief S D Dombo was leader of the Northern Peoples Party, and a leading member of the merged United Party. He was a traditional head and a teacher. So, when Dr. Busia, the then leader of the opposition was hounded by Nkrumah out of the country in 1959, Hon Chief Dombo took over as the opposition leader. In fact, but for his tenacity of purpose, Nkrumah made several attempts for him to cross carpet into the CPP. Therefore, Chief Dombo never ruled Ghana in any administrative leadership position to introduce any policies culminating in tradition. He stuck closely with the already existing UP tradition.
In 1969, after the ban on Party political activities, a general elections were held across Ghana, and a K A Busia-led Progress Party won a landslide victory, so Dr Busia, the then Wenchi East MP had the opportunity of becoming Ghana’s Right Honourable Prime Minister. He formed his governing cabinet to run his administration from October 1969, until he was ousted by disgruntled CPP- inclined soldiers in January 1972.
Even as governing Prime Minister, he never introduced any personal or extraneous Party tradition different from what was already in place.
To those of you who do not know what a political Party tradition is, the UP tradition is strictly liberal democratic with capitalist ideals, derived from conservatism. This is why the NPP, as an offshoot of the UP tradition has links with conservative parties worldwide, and we are part of the world conservative fraternity. The CPP were in the socialist fraternity.
Now the ideological ideals of conservatism that we refer to as tradition are as follows:
● Traditionalism, we oppose and defend our ancient traditions, particularly chieftaincy, etc.
● Scepticism, we are sceptical of the pretensions of revolutionaries and radical so-called reformers, though not that of political science, but these of strange and abstract political theories
● Organicism, simply put, we protect our cultures as the beginning point of jingoistic national pride.
● Religion, that religion occupies a large central place in conservatism.
● Property and the family, conservatism represents the interest of substantial property ownership. We believe that property is a trust, rather than a solute. Possession of property comes with rights and responsibilities.
● The nation and imperialism. To conservative ideals, the first and foremost loyalty of citizens is to the nation of birth.
● Law and constitution, and this boils down to the rule of law.
● Liberty, equality, and democracy.
These are just highlights of the ideals of conservatism which we, in colloquial terms refer to as tradition.
In view of the above analysis can anybody in Ghana, from our tertiary institutions to practising politicians tell what other ideology that we have in the NPP? Does a mere name or family established foundation in honour of a prominent family member constitute a tradition?
There are people who in their lifetime have established own foundations for themselves.
~Bill BOAMPONG Darlington
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